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How to Perform Umrah - Complete Step By Step Guide

Umrah, often referred to as the lesser pilgrimage, is a deeply spiritual journey for Muslims around the world. While it is not obligatory like Hajj, it holds immense significance and rewards for those who undertake it with sincerity and devotion. This step-by-step guide will walk you through the process of performing Umrah, allowing you to embark on this sacred journey with confidence and reverence.

Step 1: Purify Your Intentions (Niyyah)

Before beginning any religious act, it’s crucial to make a sincere intention in your heart. Express your intention to perform Umrah solely for the pleasure of Allah (God). This intention is a fundamental aspect of any act of worship in Islam.

Step 2: Enter the State of Ihram

Ihram is a sacred state of consecration that marks the beginning of your Umrah pilgrimage. For men, it involves wearing two white, seamless pieces of cloth, one wrapped around the waist and the other draped over the shoulders. Women should wear simple and modest clothing, observing the rules of the Islamic dress code. Ihram signifies purity and equality among all pilgrims.

Step 3: Arrival in Makkah

Upon reaching Makkah, ensure that you are in the state of Ihram before proceeding to the Masjid al-Haram, the grand mosque surrounding the Kaaba.

Step 4: Tawaf al-Qudum (Arrival Tawaf)

Begin your Umrah rituals with Tawaf al-Qudum, also known as the Arrival Tawaf. Perform seven circumambulations around the Kaaba in a counterclockwise direction, starting from the Black Stone corner. While doing so, recite supplications and praises to Allah. It’s customary to kiss or touch the Black Stone if possible. If not, simply point towards it.

Step 5: Sa’i Between Safa and Marwah

After Tawaf, proceed to perform Sa’i, which involves walking seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah. Begin at Safa, recite supplications, and walk briskly between the two points. This ritual commemorates the journey of Hagar, the wife of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham), in search of water for her son Isma’il (Ishmael).

Step 6: Tahallul (Trimming/Shaving of Hair)

Following Sa’i, men should trim or shave their hair, symbolizing humility and purification. Women should trim a small portion of their hair. This act signifies the removal of worldly attachments and a fresh start.

Step 7: Exit Ihram

After trimming or shaving your hair, you can exit the state of Ihram, change into regular clothing, and engage in all daily activities. This transition marks the completion of your Umrah pilgrimage.

Step 8: Additional Prayers and Supplications

While in Makkah, take the opportunity to perform additional Tawaf and offer voluntary prayers at the Masjid al-Haram. Engage in heartfelt supplications, seeking forgiveness, guidance, and blessings from Allah.

Step 9: Departure or Extended Stay

Depending on your travel plans, you can choose to return home or stay longer in Makkah to perform more acts of worship and supplication. Reflect on your spiritual journey and express gratitude to Allah for the opportunity.

Step 10: Reflect and Express Gratitude

Take time to reflect on your Umrah experience and express gratitude to Allah for the opportunity. Share your experiences and newfound spirituality with others.


Performing Umrah is a profoundly spiritual experience, allowing Muslims to draw closer to Allah, seek His forgiveness, and renew their faith. While this guide provides a structured approach to Umrah, remember that the sincerity of your heart and your devotion are paramount. May your Umrah journey be accepted, and may it bring you spiritual growth, inner peace, and a stronger connection with the Almighty Allah.


Q1: What is the difference between Umrah and Hajj?

A: Umrah is a non-mandatory pilgrimage, recommended but not obligatory, that can be performed at any time of the year. Hajj is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is obligatory for those who can afford it and have not performed it before.

Q2: Do I need to be in a state of Ihram before reaching Makkah?

A: Yes, you should enter the state of Ihram before crossing the Miqat (boundary) on your way to Makkah. This marks the beginning of your Umrah pilgrimage.

Q3: Can I perform Umrah during Hajj?

A: Yes, you can perform Umrah as part of your Hajj pilgrimage. This combination is known as “Umrah al-Tamattu” and is a common practice.

Q4: Is there a specific time for Umrah, or can it be performed at any time of the year?

A: Umrah can be performed at any time of the year and is not limited to specific dates. It is often referred to as “the minor pilgrimage” and can be done at your convenience.

Q5: What is the significance of Tawaf al-Qudum (Arrival Tawaf)?

A: Tawaf al-Qudum is a symbolic act of devotion, and it’s the first ritual of Umrah. It signifies your arrival in the holy city of Makkah and your intention to perform Umrah.

Q6: How long should I stay in Makkah for Umrah?

A: The duration of your stay in Makkah for Umrah can vary depending on your circumstances and preferences. Some pilgrims stay for a few days, while others choose to extend their stay to engage in more acts of worship.

Q7: What should I do if I make a mistake during Umrah?

A: If you make a mistake during Umrah, correct it immediately, and continue with the pilgrimage. Mistakes can include forgetting a step or not performing a ritual correctly.

Q8: Can I combine Umrah with a visit to other holy sites in Saudi Arabia?

A: Yes, many pilgrims combine their Umrah journey with visits to other significant Islamic sites in Saudi Arabia, such as Medina and other historical locations.

Q9: Can women perform Umrah without a Mahram (male guardian)?

A: Generally, women are required to have a Mahram (male guardian) accompany them for Umrah. This rule is in place to ensure their safety and well-being.

Q10: Can I perform Umrah on behalf of someone else (proxy Umrah)?

A: Yes, it is possible to perform Umrah on behalf of someone else, such as a deceased family member. This is known as “Umrah al-Badl.”

Q11: What should I do if I fall ill during Umrah?

A: If you fall ill during Umrah, prioritize your health and seek medical attention if necessary. Completing Umrah is not obligatory if you are unwell.

Q12: Is it necessary to have a guide or agent to perform Umrah?

A: While it’s not mandatory, having a guide or agent can be helpful, especially if it’s your first time performing Umrah. They can provide guidance and assist with logistics.

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