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Imam Mehdi according to Hadith

The concept of Imam Mahdi is primarily based on Hadiths, which are sayings and actions attributed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). According to these Hadiths, Imam Mahdi is a messianic figure who is expected to appear in the future. Here are some key points about Imam Mahdi according to Hadith:

The Mahdi will be from the family of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

The Mahdi, a ruler over the Arabs, will be from the family of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Prophet Muhammad stated, “The world will not come to pass until a man from among my family, whose name will be my name, rules over the Arabs” (Tirmidhi Sahih, Vol. 9, P. 74; Abu Dawud, Sahih, Vol. 5, P. 207). This assertion is supported by narrations from Ali ibn Abu Talib, Abu Sa’id, Umm Salma, and Abu Hurayra.

He will champion justice, and equality, and eliminate tyranny.

“Allah will bring out from concealment al-Mahdi from my family, and just before the day of Judgment; even if only one day were to remain in the life of the world, he will spread justice, equity, and eradicate tyranny and oppression” (Prophet Muhammad – Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Vol. 1, P. 99).

The Mahdi will emerge, filling the world with justice.

“Even if only a day remains for Qiyamah to come, Allah will surely send a man from my family who will fill this world with such justice and fairness, just as it initially was filled with oppression” (Prophet Muhammad – Abu Dawood).

His emergence will happen suddenly within a single night.

“The promised Mahdi will be among my family. God will make the provisions for his emergence within a single night” (Prophet Muhammad – Ibn Majah, Sahih, Vol. 2, P. 519).

He will be a descendant of Fatima.

“The promised Mahdi will be among my progeny, among the descendants of Fatima” (Prophet Muhammad, narrated by Umm Salmah – Abu Dawud, Sahih, Vol. 2, P. 207; Ibn Majah, Sahih, Vol. 2, P. 519).

The Mahdi is part of the household of the Prophet (Ahlul-Bayt).

“Al-Mahdi is one of us, the members of the household (Ahlul-Bayt)” (Prophet Muhammad – Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 2, Tradition No. 4085).

A Syrian army will attempt to attack the Mahdi but be swallowed into the ground.

“After the death of a Ruler, there will be some dispute between the people…they will be swallowed into the ground” (Prophet Muhammad, narrated by Umm Salmah – Abu Dawood).

Jesus will descend and pray behind the Mahdi.

“A group of my Ummah will fight for the truth until near the day of judgment when Jesus, the son of Mary, will descend, and the leader of them will ask him to lead the prayer, but Jesus declines” (Prophet Muhammad – Sahih Muslim).

It’s important to note that interpretations of these Hadiths may vary among different Islamic traditions, and beliefs about Imam Mahdi are particularly prominent in Shia Islam. Sunni Muslims also acknowledge the concept but with variations in details.


Q: Who is Imam Mahdi according to Islamic Hadith?

A: Imam Mahdi is believed to be a messianic figure in Islam who will emerge as a savior to establish justice before the Day of Judgment. His advent is prophesied in various Hadiths attributed to Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

Q: What is the lineage of Imam Mahdi according to Hadiths?

A: According to Hadiths, Imam Mahdi will be from the lineage of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), particularly through his daughter Fatima and her husband, Ali ibn Abi Talib.

Q: What role will Imam Mahdi play in Islamic prophecy?

A: Imam Mahdi is believed to restore justice, eliminate oppression, and establish a reign of equity and fairness in the world before the Day of Judgment. His arrival is seen as a sign of hope and transformation.

Q: Are there specific signs predicting the arrival of Imam Mahdi?

A: Yes, various signs are mentioned in Hadiths, including global chaos, moral degradation, and societal turmoil. His arrival is foretold during a time of great tribulation and injustice.

Q: How will Imam Mahdi’s emergence impact the world?

A: According to Hadiths, Imam Mahdi will bring about a time of peace, justice, and moral rectitude. His leadership is expected to unite humanity under a banner of righteousness.

Q: Is there a timeline or specific date for Imam Mahdi’s appearance?

A: The exact time of Imam Mahdi’s appearance is unknown. Hadiths mention signs and events that precede his emergence but do not provide a precise timeline.

Q: What are the virtues associated with following Imam Mahdi?

A: Following Imam Mahdi is believed to bring spiritual blessings and rewards. It’s considered a way to uphold justice and righteousness, aligning with the teachings of Islam.

Q: How do various Islamic sects interpret the concept of Imam Mahdi?

A: Interpretations of Imam Mahdi’s role and arrival can vary among different Islamic sects. While Sunni and Shia traditions hold the belief in Imam Mahdi, there might be differences in the details of his lineage or specific events leading to his emergence.

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