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How to Pray Eid Prayer - Step by Step Guide

Eid prayers are a beautiful tradition in Islam, marking the end of Ramadan (Eid al-Fitr) and the completion of the Hajj pilgrimage (Eid al-Adha). These special prayers are a time for Muslims to come together in gratitude and celebration. Here’s a detailed guide on how to pray Eid prayer.

Preparing for Eid Prayer

Cleanliness and Dress

  • Perform Ghusl: Taking a full-body ritual purification bath (ghusl) before the Eid prayer is recommended.
  • Dress Appropriately: Wear your best clothes, preferably new or clean ones, as a sign of respect and celebration1.

Eating Before the Prayer

  • Eid al-Fitr: It is Sunnah to eat an odd number of dates before leaving for the prayer.
  • Eid al-Adha: Do not eat before the prayer; the first food eaten should be from the sacrifice if possible.

Takbir on the Way to Prayer

  • Recite the Takbir: While on your way to the prayer, recite the Takbir aloud as a remembrance of Allah.

Performing the Eid Prayer

Intention (Niyyah)

  • Set Your Intention: Silently make the intention in your heart to perform the Eid prayer for the sake of Allah.

The First Rak’ah

  • Opening Takbir: Begin with the opening Takbir (saying “Allahu Akbar”) and raise your hands to your ears, then fold them over your chest.
  • Additional Takbirs: After the opening Takbir, there are seven additional Takbirs. After each Takbir, let your hands fall to your sides, then raise them again for the next Takbir.
  • Recitation: After the additional Takbirs, recite Surah Al-Fatiha followed by another Surah of your choice.

The Second Rak’ah

  • Stand Up: Say “Allahu Akbar” and stand up for the second Rak’ah.
  • More Takbirs: Perform five more Takbirs in the same manner as in the first Rak’ah.
  • Recitation: Recite Surah Al-Fatiha again, followed by another Surah.
  • Complete the Prayer: Continue as in a normal prayer with Ruku (bowing), Sujood (prostration), and Tashahhud (sitting position at the end of the prayer).

After the Prayer

  • Listen to the Khutbah: It is Sunnah to listen to the sermon (Khutbah) after the Eid prayer.
  • Greet Others: Exchange greetings and well-wishes with fellow Muslims.


The Eid prayer is a significant worship act that encapsulates the Muslim community’s joy and brotherhood. It is a time to reflect on Allah’s blessings and share the occasion’s happiness with others. By following these steps, you can perform the Eid prayer correctly and partake in this beautiful Islamic tradition.


Is Eid prayer mandatory for Muslims?
Eid prayer is not mandatory, but it is highly recommended for Muslims to perform it.

Can the Eid prayer be performed at home?
Eid prayer is usually performed in a congregation. However, if someone cannot attend the congregation due to valid reasons, they can perform it at home.

How many Rak’ahs are there in Eid prayers?
The Eid prayer consists of two Rak’ahs.

What is the significance of the Khutbah in Eid prayer?
The Khutbah, or sermon, after the Eid prayer, is an integral part of the worship. Listening to it is considered Sunnah, and it serves to remind the community about its duties and commitments towards Allah, fellow Muslims, and all human beings.

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